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Climate change and global warming presents an uncertain future, even with immediate reduction in emissions. Significant research has been undertaken by various public institutions on the effect global warming will have on the world’s oceans, and in particular wave climate.

This article is the first in a series of three reviewing different IPCC climate predictions in the context of the offshore industry operations.

We explore the changes predicted for ambient and extreme wave conditions around Australia. This line of analysis enables us to consider what the impact may be due to climate change, and what changes this will entail for the design environments of both existing offshore assets and new facilities.

Battery-powered electric mining vehicles are proven to be an increasingly-favoured and attractive solution for sustainable operations. Many mine sites are switching from diesel to electric powered vehicles. The switch to electric results in less vehicle maintenance, a cleaner working environment and reduced underground ventilation costs. The use of conventional diesel powered vehicles underground places additional demands on ventilation, as poor ventilation can expose personnel to adverse health issues including black lung or cancer.

Switching to electric vehicles reduces or eliminates airborne diesel particulates and exhaust emissions, and therefore reduces underground air dilution which improves safety and saves on ventilation costs.

However, as with any new technology endeavour, the associated risks of such a transition are not always maturely understood, risk-assessed and controlled.

A mooring system is a safety-critical part of any offshore facility, but – being underwater – is also one of the most difficult parts of the facility for operators to monitor.

Despite this difficulty, as part of their duty of care all operators need to demonstrate proactive monitoring of mooring integrity and keep evidence of these activities. Simple vessel excursion monitoring by itself does not capture the most prevalent mooring failure modes and sensors within the load path can be both complex to install and maintain, and can be subject to anomalous data over time.

Throw into the mix the various ways that mooring lines can fail and you end up with a complex and critical problem on your hands.

So how can we improve regulatory compliance while increasing assessment accuracy and reducing effort?

- Mooring lines can fail at any time - the failures are not always obvious but the consequences are significant

- The offshore energy industry averages 4 mooring line failures per year(1,2)

- Ongoing monitoring using a trained and proven system can detect failures earlier so owners and operators can react in time